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UPDATED: 5/7/05


On February 9, 2001 Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) further prohibited the importation into the United States of certain edible ruminant products from Europe, Oman and BSE at-risk countries. This action prohibits the importation of all ruminant meat, meat products and other edible products that have been stored, processed or otherwise associated with a facility located in Europe or Oman. Previously, the importation of ruminant meat sourced from a third non-BSE country but processed in Europe or Oman was legal. The current APHIS action will prohibit these importations. The newest prohibition is based on concerns about contamination with BSE suspect material at the point of storage or processing.

Ruminants include cattle, sheep, goats, deer, elk, reindeer, llama, antelope, oxen, bison, and captive and wild hoofed animals. Entries of product that appear to contain ruminant materials from the subject countries will be referred by FDA to the nearest USDA/APHIS Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) field office. An attached listing headed "Products of Concern Regarding BSE" gives examples of such products; it is not inclusive. An additional listing shows the BSE-Affected or At-Risk Countries.

Products of Concern Regarding BSE

Any products containing ruminant material such as (but not limited to):
  • Cheese products containing meat of ruminant origin Ruminant meat products
  • Poultry products containing or processed with ruminant products
  • Rennet from ruminant animals
  • Pie fillings containing or processed with ruminant products Multiple food products (soups, stews, sandwiches, mixed dinners, etc.) containing or processed with ruminant products
  • Baby foods, geriatric foods and dietary foods containing or processed with ruminant products
  • Dietary supplements, including antioxidants, that contain or have been processed with ruminant material
  • Food additives (emulsifiers, enzymes, flavor enhancers, etc.) containing or processed with ruminant material
  • Botanicals containing or processed with ruminant materials Animal by-products and extracts for human use
  • Vitamins, minerals, proteins and other dietary supplements for human use that contain or are processed with ruminant material.
Source FDA Dept. of Health and Human Services 3/29/01

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